History and Politics Reading Lists

For those admitted to read History and Politics, this page asks you about your choice of courses for the first term and tells you about the Preliminary examinations which you will take at the end of your first year.

The examinations consist of four papers:

  1. A paper in the History of the British Isles, where you have a choice between any one of six papers: c. 300-1100; 1000-1330; 1330-1550; 1500-1700; 1688-1848; and 1830-1951. Please follow this link for preliminary Reading Lists for each of these.

     
  2. A political theory paper. Here you have a choice between two papers: Theorizing the Democratic State or Theories of the State (Aristotle, Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx)

    Theorizing the Democratic State

    This is a general introduction to political theory, including both historical texts and contemporary theories. The paper introduces you to some of the main concepts which inform theoretical and empirical discussion of democracy, such as, liberty and power, and to some of the core normative issues which arise in democratic politics, such as the desirability of democracy itself. It also provides an introduction to the work of some of the major political thinkers who have considered these questions, such as Rousseau, Locke, Mill and Marx. 

    For introductory reading, you might look at the following:

    Jonathan Wolff, An Introduction to Political Philosophy (3rd ed, 2015)

    Adam Swift Political Philosophy: A Beginners’ Guide for Students and Politicians (3rd ed, 2013)    

    The focus of these books is different (Wolff spends more time on historical texts, Swift on contemporary theories), so both could fruitfully be read together. In terms of historical texts, you might look at:

    Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto

    John Stuart Mill, On Liberty

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract

    John Locke, Second Treatise on Government

    These are all widely available in cheap editions and can also be found online, see the following:

    www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/download/pdf/Manifesto.pdf

    www.gutenberg.org/files/34901/34901-h/34901-h.htm

    www.marxists.org/reference/subject/economics/rousseau/social-contract/

    www.gutenberg.org/files/7370/7370-h/7370-h.htm

    OR

    Theories of the State (Aristotle, Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx).

    This is an introduction to central texts in the history of political thought - details on the content of the course are available here.

    It would be useful if you could acquire and read the following texts prior to your arrival in Oxford:

    - Aristotle, The Politics

    - Hobbes, Leviathan (the specified chapters are the Introduction, chapters 11-30, and ‘A Review and Conclusion’)

    - Rousseau, The Social Contract

    - Marx, The Communist Manifesto, The Critique of the Gotha Programme, The Eighteenth Brumaire, and the preface to the Critique of the Political Economy.

  3. Introduction to the Practice of Politics. This paper introduces you to a range of topics within political science: the way government is classified across democratic regimes, and to debates about the merits and drawbacks of each type; the nature of political institutions under regimes that are only partially democratic, or not democratic at all; the character of key government institutions in advanced democracies; and the question of what determines the shape and operation of political parties and the party system, with reference not only to stable attitudes and structured partisan competition, but also more deeply divided and contested politics, and sources of populism and radicalism. It will be useful to read some of the following books before you arrive:

    - S Hazareesingh, Political Traditions in Modern France

    - A Stevens, The Government and Politics of France

    - A King (ed.), The New American Political System (2nd edition)

    - M Foley, American Political Ideas

    - D Kavanagh, British Politics: Continuity and Change

    - A Marr, The History of Modern Britain

     
  4. A historical methodology paper. Here, you have a wide range of choices. These include papers entitled Approaches to History, Historiography: Tacitus to Weber, and Quantification in History, as well as a number of language options. Please follow this link to find some details of reading for each of these papers. Further information can also be found on the History Faculty’s website. However, note that as a student in History and Politics, you are allowed to replace this paper with one of the Optional Subjects in History Prelims. There are currently twenty of these, ranging from early medieval history to the twentieth century. They are taught in the third term and the choice of papers available each year is only decided at a later stage. You may well decide to take one of these and to make your choice once you have arrived in Oxford. Further information on these (and other papers) can also be found on the History Faculty’s website.

The choices you need to make at this stage concern papers 1 and 4, and I need you to inform me of those as soon as possible, and by Friday 19 July at the very latest. We look forward to hearing from you, and to seeing you here in October.

Dr John-Paul Ghobrial, July 2019

john-paul.ghobrial@balliol.ox.ac.uk