Professor Borgman will give a talk on ‘Three decades in internet time’.
In a few short decades, the practices of scholarship have been transformed by the use of digital resources, tools, and services. Some shifts are obvious, such as seeking, reading, and publishing research online, often to the exclusion of print. Other shifts are subtle, such as data being viewed as research products to be disseminated. Research objects are more atomized, yet aggregated in new ways. Digital technologies offer opportunities to innovate in scholarly practice, collaboration, and communication – from the sciences, social sciences, humanities, and arts to technology and medicine. Externalities such as Internet economics and research policy pose constraints on scholarly work. Underlying these opportunities and constraints are four trends in scholarly communication, information technology, policy: (1) the transition from a closed scholarly world to the open Internet, (2) the evolution from static to dynamic forms of information, (3) changes in the roles of scholars as readers and as authors, and (4) the growing value of data as new forms of publication. These four trends are explored, leading to a discussion of the challenges facing 21st century scholars.
Christine L. Borgman is a Visiting Fellow and Oliver Smithies Lecturer for 2012-13 at Balliol College, Oxford. She is also affiliated with the Oxford Internet Institute and the Oxford eResearch Centre. Her goal is to write a new monograph, tentatively titled <i>Big Data, Little Data, No Data. </i>As Professor and Presidential Chair in Information Studies at UCLA, she is the author of more than 200 publications in the fields of information studies, computer science, and communication, and leads research teams on data practices and knowledge infrastructure. Her prior monographs, <i>Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet</i><i> </i>(MIT Press, 2007) and <i>From Gutenberg to the Global Information Infrastructure: Access to Information in a Networked World</i> (MIT Press, 2000), each won the Best Information Science Book of the Year award. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a recipient of the Paul Evan Peters Award, and a recipient of the Research in Information Science Award.